THE INSTITUTE
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THE INSTITUTE


The Institute of Inland Waters (IIW) is one of the five institutions that comprise the HCMR, the only one that focuses on inland waters. Its structure and function are described by the foundation Law (1514/85) of the NCMR (previous HCMR), whereas it’s actual establishment took place in 1994, when the provisions and procedures dictated by the Law (1514/85) were completed with the election of the Institute’s director.

The IIW studies the water cycle as well as the structure and function of aquatic ecosystems and develops or applies methodologies, tools and techniques aiming at their remediation and conservation, in the framework of integrated management plans.

The geographical frame of the Institute’s activities includes aquatic and riparian systems and habitats considered as integral parts of the river basin. It contains a great variety of ecosystems that surround (e.g. riparian terrestrial or hydrotopic zones) and incorporate running and standing waters, incl. freshwaters and transitional waters. All types of aquatic systems are considered; springs, small alpine headwater streams, torrents and other temporarily running waters, small ephemeral ponds and other hydrotops and artificial water bodies (irrigation and drainage systems), as well as large flat rivers with their deltaic plains, lagoons and estuaries and large lakes and reservoirs.

Within this spatial framework, the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the components of the hydrological cycle, i.e. precipitation, surface waters, subsurface flow and shallow aquifers interacting with surface runoff, are examined. Meteorological and climatic factors (draughts, floods and climate change) controlling the hydrological cycle are also included. The natural and anthropogenic factors and the biogeochemical processes that affect the quality and ecological status of aquatic systems are also stressed.






Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR) !!!


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